You likely won’t be surprised to learn that acne is the most common skin condition, affecting almost everyone at some point. It can develop in people of all ages, if their pores clog up with substances like oil, bacteria and dead skin cells. But the most common age bracket is 11-30; an estimated 80% of people in this group experience acne breakouts at some point.
Why people get acne
There are many reasons why acne can develop, but the base cause of acne is an irritated, blocked pore.
Whether caused by excess oil production or bacteria, the pore grows inflamed and a cyst forms. This cyst can appear read or yellow, and be painful or pus-filled, depending on the type of pimple it turns into.
The wide range of possible causes of acne might well explain why it develops in so many people, and why some people are more prone to it than others. Causes include:
Hormones increase during puberty and young adulthood. These hormones cause sebaceous glands to produce more oil, which can lead to clogged pores.
For the same reason, hormone changes in pregnancy can also affect oil production and lead to an increase in acne.
Another hormonal trigger, this time birth control pills, injections or implants, can lead to an increase in certain hormones that affect oil production in the skin.
Some people are just more prone to acne as the trait is passed down through families.
Side effects of certain medications can lead to developing acne.
Wearing oil-based makeup or not removing makeup can increase risk of developing acne. Also, out-of-date makeup can contain bacteria that can clog pores.
Touching your face a lot can lead to increased oil production and introducing bacteria. People with nervous habits like nail-biting or skin-picking often find they develop acne around the areas they touch on their face repetitively.
Acne treatment options
As with all medicine, the best way to treat acne includes finding the cause, not just treating the symptoms. At Integrative Medicine, Laser and Aesthetics, people in and around Carmel, Indiana, who want to seek treatment for their acne can expect a multidisciplinary approach from CJ Pabla, MD, laser technician and medical aesthetician Marci Rusk, and the team.
Integrative medicine means combining conventional medicine with alternative and complementary treatments for a holistic approach that tackles the cause, improves symptoms and gives you the patient tools for maintaining results.
Your treatment plan is tailored to your individual skin type and lifestyle, based on the investigations and diagnosis from Dr. Pabla and the team. Once they find the underlying cause, they can explore treatment options with you, such as:
Laser treatments for acne
Non-ablative laser treatment stimulates the production of collagen in your skin and can improve the texture and appearance of acne scarring by tightening and smoothing the skin.
Different types and depths of chemical peels can have differing benefits for acne sufferers. A superficial peel using alpha hydroxy acids can open up and unclog the pores, reducing the formation of cysts. Deeper chemical peels can improve the appearance of acne-scarred skin.
Certain nutritional supplements have antioxidant or anti-microbial and immune-fighting properties that make them valuable for acne sufferers.
Eating well can have a huge impact on your skin. Reducing your intake of inflammatory foods and increasing your consumption of foods rich in antioxidants and vitamins A, C and E can be helpful, as can cutting back on your consumption of sugar and trans fats.
In most cases, treatment for your acne includes a range of the above options to help you improve the condition of your skin. To start devising your inside-and-out treatment plan for your acne, call the office or use our online booking feature.